How do you safely make fire outdoors?

Summer is a dry and warm period during which you have to be particularly careful when in nature and making fire when camping. In this article, in cooperation with the Estonian Rescue Board, we share tips on how to safely make fire outdoors.


  • Remember that children may only make fire in the presence and under the supervision of an adult.
  • Fires must only be made in calm weather.
  • Before lighting the fire, clear the surrounding area of combustible material.
  • Wet the ground under the campfire with water and enclose the fireplace with stones or a mound of soil.
  • Only natural, untreated wood may be used to make fire.
  • Remember that burning grass and reeds is prohibited all year round and punishable.
  • Monitor the wind direction so that the sparks do not fly onto buildings or vegetation.
  • Keep fire-extinguishing supplies, e.g. a bucket of water or a fire extinguisher, at hand.
  • Fire can only be made in the forest in places intended and marked for this purpose.
  • Making a fire, using grills and smoking in the forest is prohibited during periods of high fire risk. The prohibition also applies at RMK campsites.
  • Fires must never be left unsupervised.
  • Before leaving the site, make sure the fire is completely extinguished.

Written by the Estonian Rescue Board.

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